Saturday, December 21, 2019

Hiv And The United Kingdom - 1014 Words

2.1. HIV in the United Kingdom Public Health England released a report in 2014 on the data collected about the HIV epidemic in the United Kingdom. Men who have sex with men (MSM) are shown to be the most affected demographic group and are at the highest risk of becoming infected with HIV. In 2013, 40.4% of the 107,800 people living with HIV in the UK were MSM. The main way HIV is transmitted among MSM is through serodiscordant, unprotected intercourse, that is, one HIV-positive and one HIV-negative person having unprotected anal sex. In this case both partners are at risk. The risky partner in this context is considered to be the person whose status is unknown. It is exactly because of this ignorance and the lack of protection that HIV infection is very likely to occur. According to Public Health England, 7,200 MSM, which is 16% of the total number of MSM infected with HIV, were undiagnosed and unaware of being infected with HIV. Despite that since 1990 the proportion of MSM reporting attending sex health clinics and HIV tests has increased, there are nevertheless 2,600 newly infected MSM each year. There might be several social determinants of health that contribute to the disparity in the risk of HIV acquisition and late diagnosis of the infection, including fear of the stigma surrounding HIV, general misinformation about the infection and lack of perceived individual risk. (Public Health England, 2014; Sigma Research 2008) Public Health England states that reducing theShow MoreRelatedSocial Determinants Of Health May Influence The Burden Of Disease On Global Health1154 Words   |  5 Pageshealthcare and clean water, knowledge of health care needs, and the countries’ ability to provide adequate health care to their citizens. Therefore, certain diseases are more prevalent in poor countries versus wealthy countries (Moss, 2015). 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It has a powerful ability to deteriorate a human body in a small length of time. This deadly virus attacks the human body’s immune system and can only survive in the human as its host. The virus is only contracted through body fluid exchange, for example, vaginal fluid, semen, intravenous drug users, and sexual intercourse is the most common way of contracting it. The virus attacks the T cells (type of whiteRead MoreViral Genetic Variation Lab Analysis849 Words   |  4 PagesGenetic Variation Accounts for a Third of Variability in 1 Set-Point Viral Load Introduction: The extent to the pathogenesis of the human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1), or â€Å"HIV†, has been studied for years. It is of large consensus to the medical community that any strong predictor of the time showing phenotypic characteristics of HIV from the original transmission of the disease can be predicted through assessing and evaluating the set-point viral load (SPVL). 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For second time of vaccine long term protection should be required. Conference on Hepatitis A around globe: 19th National Liver Conference Austin, United States of America 16th International Workshop on Co-morbidities and Adverse Drug Reactions in HIV Philadelphia, United States of America About OMICS Group International Conferences and Journals: OMICS Group International is an Open Access Journal Publisher and leading scientific event organizer with more thanRead MoreAn Evaluation of Hiv-Aids Care and Prevention Strategies in Uk1067 Words   |  5 PagesO N An Overall View of HIV/AIDS Statistics in UK: According to the Bureau of Hygiene and Tropical Diseases, in the early 1980s, the number of people diagnosed with HIV was a increasing steadily. From 1987 to 1990 the cumulative number of HIV diagnoses reported was almost doubled (from 8,016 to 15,166) (1, 2). 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